Turbulator® Tube™ Bars 

Kadant introduces the first revolutionary change in dryer bar design in the past 20 years.

  • High heat transfer
  • High stiffness
  • Fast installation

Turbulator® Tube™ bars are stainless steel axial bars, installed on the inside of dryers and used to induce turbulence in the condensate layer, to improve the uniformity and rate of heat transfer (drying rate) of the dryers. The increased heat transfer rate is also much more uniform in the cross-machine direction than any other internal dryer configuration. These features can be used in dryers with rimming condensate to:

  • Increase the drying rate of paper machines that are already running at its steam pressure limits
  • Improve the moisture profile on machines that have poor heat transfer uniformity
  • Increase the rate of response to changes in steam pressure
  • Improve machine runnability, reduce edge cockles, cracks, and sheet picking
  • Reduce time required to thread the tail and widen the sheet

Features of the new Turbulator Tube barsstationary-syphon.jpg

  • Stainless steel tube bars
  • No coil or barrel springs
  • No wave, star, or Belleville washers
  • Bar height engineered to operate at optimum condensate depth
  • Segments designed for fast installation
  • No machining or special tools required
  • Radial stiffness of bars increased 19%
  • Circumferential stiffness increased 21%
  • Light weight hollow bars for easy handling
  • Unique compression bolt provides maximum reliability
  • Stainless steel prevents bar "thinning"
  • Patented design

Optimizing Heat Transfer
When operating with the right configuration of bars and the corresponding optimum condensate depth, dryer bars can not only achieve a high rate of heat transfer, but also achieve a high degree of drying uniformity. Kadant Johnson R&D conducted exhaustive testing to determine the optimum design for the new Tube bars. The dryer heat transfer depends on a number of factors, such as speed, condensing load, steam pressure, syphon location, and syphon clearance. As shown in the figure, a high rate of heat transfer can be maintained, even at high dryer speeds, if the syphon clearance is set at an optimum setting. In general, the highest heat transfer performance, and the least loss in heat transfer, occurs when the syphon clearance is set near the optimum values.

A region exists for a range of syphon clearances for which the condensate coefficient is highest over the entire speed range. Operating at the optimum syphon clearance not only maximizes the capacity to transfer heat at a given speed, it also minimizes the loss of heat transfer with increasing speed.

What can you expect from Kadant Johnson Turbulator Tube bars?TurbulatorBars_spring.jpg

  • Increased drying capacity
  • Improved moisture profile
  • Increase potential for electrical power production
  • Quick installation time
  • Reduce potential for bar corrosion
  • Reduce sheet breaks with more uniform dryer surface
  • Reduce steam pressure
  • Reduce torque power to rim
  • Reduce drive power to rim
  • Reduce speed to rim

US Patent Nos. 7,028,756; 7,178582 and 7,673395